Born in Parkstein, near Bayreuth, he was one of the most famous horn players of his time. Franz Josef Strauß was born on September 6, 1915 in Munich, Bavaria, Germany as Franz Strauß. [1] He gradually found that of all the instruments he could play, the horn suited him best. Strauss was one of the few Western leaders, if not the only one, to visit the isolationist Albania in decades. Learn more about the composer Franz Strauss, his life and work! Franz Strauss was a German musician and composer, born February 26, 1822 at Parkstein in Bavaria and died May 31, 1905. Franz Josef Strauß (* 6. His mother was the daughter of Georg Pschorr, a financially prosperous brewer from Munich. His horn after restauration: Franz Strauss3. While he ran for the chancellorship as the candidate of the CDU/CSU in 1980, for the rest of his life Strauss never again held federal office. Strauss shaped post-war Bavaria and polarized the public like few others. Spouse (1) Franz Josef Strauss (Ger­man: Strauß [ˈfʁants ˈjɔzɛf ˈʃtʁaʊs]; 6 Sep­tem­ber 1915 – 3 Oc­to­ber 1988) was a Ger­man politi­cian. He served as chairman of Airbus[10] in the late 1980s, until his death in 1988; he saw the company win a lucrative but controversial (see Airbus affair) contract to supply planes to Air Canada just before his death. But many, if not most, observers at the time believed that the CDU had concluded that Helmut Schmidt's SPD was likely unbeatable in 1980, and felt that they had nothing to lose in running Strauss. Profile: German musician (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905), father of the composer Richard Strauss, he was a composer, a virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. They include two concertos and numerous smaller works. Strauss, Franz: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. He was married to Marianne Strauss. Lockheed at that time was on the brink of collapse; the German contract was key to the company's survival. Franz Strauss´ mouthpiece: fstrau5.htm : links to: (all in German language) Interesting programs & facts about the Court Concerts in Munich: Hofkonz.htm [2] They had three children: Maximilan Josef [de], Franz Georg [de], and Monika, who was member of the Landtag of Bavaria and a Bavarian minister. He found himself publicly accused of backing the suppression of a critical press with the resources of the state. It may be best known as the father of Richard Strauss, the famous German composer. He led the horn section in the premieres of Tristan und Isolde, Das Rheingold, and Die Walküre. He started to compose for that instrument. Franz Strauss biography: Franz Strauss1. Strauss was born on 11 June 1864 in Munich, the son of Franz Strauss, who was the principal horn player at the Court Opera in Munich. IFS 5 Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 3 Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. [disputed – discuss] As the allegations were not corroborated, the issue was dropped. M. 3 Männerchöre, Op.45 (Strauss, Richard) Oktober 1988 in Regensburg) war ein deutscher Politiker der CSU, deren Vorsitzender er von 1961 bis zu seinem Tod war. [3] In May 1851 he married Elise Maria Seiff, with whom he had a son and a daughter. He was a composer, a virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. Strauss studied at the University of Munich and was an active member of a Roman Catholic youth organization that clashed with the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler. He was principal horn player of the Bavarian Court Opera for more than 40 years, a teacher at the Royal School of Music, Munich, and a conductor. After Helmut Kohl's first run for chancellor in 1976 failed, Strauss cancelled the alliance between the CDU and CSU parties in the Bundestag, a decision which he only reversed months later when the CDU threatened to extend their party to Bavaria (where the CSU holds a political monopoly for the conservatives). Franz Josef Strauss (German: Strauß [fʁants jɔzɛf ʃtʁaʊs]; 6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician. Munich's new airport, the Franz Josef Strauß Airport, was named after him in 1992. German composer, virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. Franz Strauss (1822-1905) b iography. Franz Josef Strauss. [1] She was a member of a large and musical family, and her brother (Johann) Georg Walter undertook the boy's musical education. They are included in my admiration for the German soldiers of the last world war. He was minister president of Bavaria beginning in 1978. Franz Josef Strauß, Self: Peter Alexander präsentiert Spezialitäten. "[5], Former Lockheed lobbyist Ernest Hauser [de] admitted to investigators during a U.S. Senate hearing that Minister of Defence Strauss and his party had received at least $10 million in remuneration for arranging West Germany's purchase of 900 F-104G Starfighters in 1961, which later became part of the Lockheed bribery scandals. : Franz Joseph Strauss was born February 26, 1822 in Parkstein, Bavaria (Oberpfalz), 28 miles from Bayreuth. Strauss's parents, Franz Borgias Strauss (October 10, 1764 – April 5, 1816) and Barbara Dollmann (December 3, 1770 – August 28, 1811), were innkeepers (Zum heiligen Florian). He was 73.[2]. As a composer, Strauss senior is remembered for his works for the horn. He became chairman of the CSU in 1961. [2] He died in a Regensburg hospital on 3 October without having regained consciousness. D. Le diable à quatre (Adam, Adolphe) As Dedicatee (1) Works dedicated to: Strauss, Franz. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February, 1822 – 31 May, 1905). Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822, Parkstein, Bavaria – 31 May 1905, Munich, German) was a German composer, conductor and horn player. He was born a Roman Catholic. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905) was a German musician. His policies contributed to changing Bavaria from an agrarian state to one of Germany's leading industry centres, and one of the wealthiest regions of Germany. Vienna. In World War II, he served in the Wehrmacht on the Western and Eastern Fronts. From 1978 until his death in 1988, Strauss was Minister-President of Bavaria, serving his rotation as president of the German Bundesrat in 1983–84. This move, in violation of longtime CSU/CDU policy to allow the East German economy to collapse naturally, was widely criticised even during Strauss's lifetime. He was minister president of Bavaria beginning in 1978. The following 1 pages are in this category, out of 1 total. You conductors who are so proud of your power! Franz Josef Strauss The West German politician Franz Josef Strauss (1915-1988) was a founder of the Christian Social Union and its standard bearer for four decades. After the 1969 federal elections, West Germany's CDU/CSU alliance found itself out of power for the first time since the founding of the Federal Republic. At this time, Strauss became more identified with the regional politics of Bavaria. After suffering from severe frostbite on the Eastern Front in early 1943, he served as an Offizier für wehrgeistige Führung, responsible for the education of the troops, at the antiaircraft artillery school in Altenstadt Air Base, near Schongau. 1933 Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Franz Josef Strauss, (born September 6, 1915, Munich, Germany—died October 3, 1988, Regensburg, West Germany), German politician, longtime leader of the Bavarian Christian Social Union. Strauss was a strong Bavarian monarchist. At the age of 15, through the influence of George Walter, Strauss was appointed to the private orchestra of Duke Max in Munich, where he remained for ten years. Franz Josef Strauß was born on September 6, 1915 in Munich, Bavaria, Germany as Franz Strauß. [2], In 1847 Strauss became a member of the orchestra of the Bavarian Court Opera. Schmidt's victory was seen by Kohl's supporters as a vindication of their man, and though the rivalry between Kohl and Strauss persisted for years, once the CDU/CSU was able to take power in 1982, it was Kohl who became chancellor. He wrote his first composition at the age of 6. Franz Josef Strauß (IPA: [fʁants jozɛf ʃtraʊs]) (6 September 6 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician (CSU) and minister-president of the state of Bavaria. On 19 November, the five FDP ministers of the cabinet resigned, demanding that Strauss be fired. Hauser worked for U.S. Intelligence and Strauss was Hauser's translator. At the age of nine, Strauss was taken on as a pupil and player by another uncle, Franz Michael Walter, a military bandmaster. Strauss's first horn concerto was premiered, with the composer playing the horn part, in 1865 and he remained greatly in demand as a soloist. [1] Georg's son Benno Walter was later to become the first violin teacher of Franz's son Richard and dedicatee of some of his works. Strauss is also credited as a co-founder of European aerospace conglomerate Airbus. [6] It was known at the time that a Senate hearing in the U.S. revealed that Lockheed associates paid Strauss a bribe to purchase the planes, due to Boeing suing Lockheed over the lost German business. "Franz‐Josef Strauss and the German nuclear question, 1956–1962. Georg taught Strauss to play the clarinet, guitar and a range of brass instruments. Richard Strauss, an outstanding German Romantic composer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Franz Josef Strauss 2020 - Biography at Wikipedia (Wiki, Age, Birthday) Franz Josef Strauss - actor Franz Josef Strauss was born on September 6, 1915 in Munich Strauss's musical preferences were strongly classical; he loved the music of Mozart above all other, and also particularly admired Haydn and Beethoven. Michael Stephan: "Franz Josef Strauß" in: Katharina Weigand (Hrsg. In 2009 she was elected to the European Parliament. "Constructing a Regional Identity: The Christian Social Union and Bavaria's Common Heritage, 1949–1962.". Franz Josef Strauss was born on September 6, … [citation needed], On 1 October 1988, Strauss collapsed while out hunting with Johannes, 11th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, in the Thurn and Taxis forests, east of Regensburg. Since 1700 the ancestors on his father's side were country policemen at near-by Rothenstadt but … He was married to Marianne Strauss. He was arrested on Strauss's request and was held for 103 days. Strauss had continued to be critical of Kohl's leadership, so providing Strauss a shot at the chancellery may have been seen as an endorsement of either Strauss' policies or style (or both) over Kohl's. [1], In 1875 Strauss was elected conductor of the amateur orchestra, the "Wilde Gung'l", a post he held for 21 years. Strauss married Marianne Zwicknagl [de] in 1957. Born as Franz Strauß in Munich as the second child of a butcher. He held the rank of Oberleutnant at the end of the war. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905) was a German musician. Strauss visited communist Albania on 21 August 1984, while Enver Hoxha, the ruler from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, was still in power. ): This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 20:13. He wrote his first composition at the age of six, and continued to write music almost until his death. Franz Strauss (1822-1905) Born in Parkenstein, Bavaria, Franz Strauss had begun his musical career by the age of 7, playing the violin at a wedding dance. His symphonic poems of the 1890s and his operas of the following decade have remained an indispensable feature of the standard repertoire. Dr. Franz Strauss, the son of composer Richard Strauss with his son Richard Strauss. )", "The European Dream of Franz Josef Strauss", Airbus Corporate Information – The Airbus story, Chairmen of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, Members of the 11th Bundestag (1987-1990), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Franz_Josef_Strauss&oldid=995769297, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Bavarian Order of Merit, Christian Social Union in Bavaria politicians, Members of the Bundestag for the Christian Social Union in Bavaria, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with Albanian-language sources (sq), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with disputed statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles needing additional references from July 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ahonen, Pertti. 1865 Composer Time Period Comp. In his youth, he received a thorough musical education from his father. His last two decades were marked by a fierce rivalry with CDU chairman Helmut Kohl.[1]. The Republicans split from the CSU/CDU over this move.[11]. [5] Among the players was his son, who learned the practicalities of orchestration there, and wrote some of his first compositions for the orchestra. In cooperation with the SPD minister for economy, Karl Schiller, he developed a groundbreaking economic stability policy; the two ministers, quite unlike in physical appearance and political background, were popularly dubbed Plisch und Plum [de], after two dogs in a 19th-century cartoon by Wilhelm Busch.[8]. [5], Despite his personal distaste for Wagner, both as a man and a musician, Strauss's strict professionalism drove him to devote all his technical mastery to the important horn solos in Wagner's operas. Strauss was born in Leopoldstadt (now in Vienna). Photograph. Among his earliest compositions were a Romance, Les Adieux, and a Fantasy on Schubert's Sehnsuchtswalzer, both for horn and orchestra with alternative versions for horn and piano. [4] He lived a single life until 1863, when he married Josephine Pschorr (1837–1910), the daughter of a wealthy Munich brewer. After the SPD was able to form a government without the conservatives, in 1969, Strauss became one of the most vocal critics of Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik. He called himself Franz Strauß until soon after the war when he started using his middle name Josef as well.[3]. The son died aged 10 months in 1852, and in 1854, Strauss's wife and daughter died of cholera. [1], International Music Score Library Project, Boyden excerpt about Franz Strauss from book about Richard Strauss, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Franz_Strauss&oldid=971613291, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 06:05. The airport is located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich near the city of Freising and is named after former Bavarian minister-president Franz Josef Strauss who was born in Munich. The German contract proved to be a windfall for Lockheed. September 1915 in München; 3. She died in a car accident in 1984. He was principal horn player of the Bavarian Court Opera for more than 40 years, a teacher at the Royal School of Music, Munich, and a conductor. He was an articulate leader of conservatives and a skilled rhetorician. The party, its leaders, and Strauss all denied the allegations; and Strauss filed a slander suit against Hauser. From 1978 until his death in 1988, he was the head of the Bavarian government. Biography. His father, Johann Urban Strauss, was of unsteady character; his children were illegitimate and he left their upbringing to their mother, Maria Anna Kunigunde Walter. His association with several large-scale scandals made many politicians distance themselves from him. [1][13], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Christian Democrat Organization of America, "Franz Josef Strauss Is Dead at 73; Conservative Led Bavarian State", "Strauss, Franz Josef – Federal Republic of Germany – Minister of Defense", "Scandals: The Lockheed Mystery (Contd. Strauss wrote a book called The Grand Design, in which he set forth his views of how the future unification of Europe might be achieved.[9]. Quotes . Strauss himself was exonerated by the courts on the charge of acting against the constitution. His Horn before restauration: Franz Strauss2. In 1945 he served as translator for the US army. It has two passenger terminals with an additional midfield terminal, two runways as well as extensive cargo and maintenance facilities and is fully equipped to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380 . Op.8 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. While on furlough, he passed the German state exams to become a teacher. "[1] At the conductor Hermann Levi's invitation, Strauss played in the premiere of Parsifal at Bayreuth in 1882. Strauss and Hauser had met after World War II in Schongau, Bavaria, where Hauser was stationed. Real Name: Franz Joseph Strauss. [7], Strauss was appointed minister of the treasury again in 1966, in the cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger. In 1953 Strauss became Federal Minister for Special Affairs in the second cabinet of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, in 1955 Federal Minister of Nuclear Energy, and in 1956 Defence Minister, charged with the build-up of the new West German defence forces, the Bundeswehr – the youngest man to hold this office at the time. His outspoken right-leaning political standpoints made him an opponent of more moderate politicians and the entire political left. He died on October 3, 1988 in Regensburg, Bavaria. In 1983, he was primarily responsible for a loan of 3 billion Deutsche Marks given to East Germany. He died in Munich at the age of 83. Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of the influential Der Spiegel magazine, published German defense information that Strauss's department alleged was top secret. Press reports called him the " Strong Man of Europe ". Happy 1 83 s t Birthday ! He remained in power well beyond Strauss's death. In a Senate hearing in the U.S., it was admitted by Lockheed associates that the funds were disbursed to Strauss. Strauss stated in a letter to HIAG in March 1957: "I think you know how I personally think about the front line units of the Waffen-SS. He was a composer, a virtuoso horn player and accomplished performer on the guitar, clarinet and viola. During his boyhood Strauss attended orchestra rehearsals of the Munich Court Orchestra (now the Bavarian State Orchestra), and he also received private instruction in music theory and orchestration from an assi… Franz Josef Strauss (German: Franz Josef Strauß, IPA: [ˈfʁants ˈjoːzɛf ˈʃtʁaʊs]; 6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.He was the long-time chairman of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) from 1961 until 1988, member of the federal cabinet in different positions between 1953 and 1969 and minister-president of the state of Bavaria from 1978 until 1988. [6] In 1871, he was appointed professor at the Royal School of Music; he was given the rank of Kammermusiker of the Bavarian court in 1873. Strauss’s father, Franz, was the principal horn player of After Germany ordered the fighter planes from Lockheed, many more European governments started to place their trust in the Starfighter and ordered more planes, saving Lockheed from financial ruin. This fuelled speculation that Strauss might be preparing the way for diplomatic links between Albania and West Germany and, indeed, relations were established in 1987. The F-104G's development had been expensive; the U.S. Air Force refused to purchase the plane due to its unnecessary features. [5][6] They had two children Richard Georg, born 1864, and Berta Johanna, born 1867.[1]. [7] After a bad attack of influenza, Strauss was unable to play the horn for 18 months, but continued to play in the Court Opera orchestra as a violist, in which capacity he took part in the first performance in Munich of Wagner's Tannhäuser. Strauss is perhaps best known as the father of the composer Richard Strauss, on whose early musical development he was a great influence, steering his son to the classical and away from modern styles. [1] He was not in sympathy with the new music of Wagner which his sovereign and employer, Ludwig II of Bavaria, assiduously promoted with productions at the Court Opera. Franz Strauss Biography (Wikipedia) Franz Joseph Strauss (26 February 1822 – 31 May 1905) was a German musician. Strauss had no choice but to admit that he had lied to the parliament, and was forced to resign. Born in Munich on 6 September 1915, as the second child of a butcher, Strauss studied German letters, history and economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. In the following years, he was the most visible critic of Kohl's politics in his own political camp, even after Kohl ascended to the chancellorship. He died on October 3, 1988 in Regensburg, Bavaria. He was the long-time chairman of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) from 1961 until 1988, member of the federal cabinet in different positions between 1953 and 1969 and minister-president of the state of Bavaria from 1978 until 1988. Genealogy profile for Franz Borgias Strauss Franz Borgias Strauss (1764 - 1816) - Genealogy Genealogy for Franz Borgias Strauss (1764 - 1816) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Franz Josef Strauss was born on September 6, … Father of Richard Strauss. Young Strauss was taught music by his father. The West German politician Franz Josef Strauss (1915-1988) was a founder of the Christian Social Union and its standard bearer for four decades. • Free scores by Franz Strauss at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) In addition you can find audio samples, performances and music. In the 1980 federal election, the CDU/CSU opted to nominate Strauss as their candidate for chancellor. This put Chancellor Adenauer himself at risk. As an aerospace enthusiast, Strauss was a key player in the creation of Airbus in the 1970s. Franz Strauss. Biography Early years. ", Ford, Graham. [4] Strauss became a member of the first Bundestag (Federal Parliament) in 1949. [6] The conductor Hans von Bülow called him "the Joachim of the horn". After the war, in 1945, he was appointed deputy Landrat (chief executive and representative of the district) of Schongau by the American military government and was involved in founding the local party organization of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU). Wagner said, "Strauss is a detestable fellow but when he blows his horn one cannot sulk with him. [5] Strauss's antipathy to modern music influenced the early development of his son, Richard, who began as a composer in a traditional vein, not finding himself drawn to modernism until he had left paternal influence behind him during his time at Munich University. Franz Joseph Strauss (26 de febrer de 1822 - 31 de maig de 1905) fou un músic alemany.Compositor, intèrpret virtuós de trompa i consumat artista de guitarra, clarinet i viola.Fou el trompa titular de l'orquestra de l'Òpera de la Cort de Munic durant més de 40 anys, un professor a l'Escola Reial de Música de Munic, i director d'orquestra. After his defeat in the 1980 federal election, he retreated to commenting on federal politics from Bavaria. In spite of this fact, Strauss was never indicted in Germany due to his influence. Strauß studied at the University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. No. Born in Munich on 6 September 1915, as the second child of a butcher,[2] Strauss studied German letters, history and economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. No. He became a member of the NSDStB (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund), (English: National Socialist German Students' League).All students had to be members, or they would not be allowed to study. He was born Richard Georg Strauss on June 11, 1864, in Munich, Bavaria (now Germany). Strauss was born on 11 June 1864 in Munich, the son of Josephine (née Pschorr) and Franz Strauss, who was the principal horn player at the Court Opera in Munich and a professor at the Königliche Musikschule. [citation needed] They were good friends, which Strauss later denied, in a denial belied by the fact that Strauss had attended Hauser's wedding. Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs.. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss was born in Parkstein, Bavaria. [citation needed], Strauss was forced to step down as defence minister in 1962 in the wake of the Spiegel affair. [5], Strauss retired from the opera orchestra in 1889, though he continued his conducting and taught for some years thereafter. [citation needed], In 2017, Strauss was honored with the Albanian National Flag Order,[12] while a city square holds his name in Tirana. 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Vienna ) a co-founder of European aerospace conglomerate Airbus was the daughter of Georg Pschorr, a prosperous! In 1978 Bavaria ( Oberpfalz ), 28 miles from Bayreuth Isolde, Das,. May be best known as the second child of a critical press with the resources of the World. Be a windfall for Lockheed from the Opera orchestra in 1889, though he continued conducting. Eastern Fronts [ de ] in May 1851 he married Elise Maria Seiff, with whom he lied... Funds were disbursed to Strauss press with the regional politics of Bavaria bis zu seinem war. `` the Joachim of the first Bundestag ( federal Parliament ) in 1949 the age of six, Strauss! Senior is remembered for his Works for the US army and work himself!